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Durban Declaration on REDD

Durban, South Africa – September 9, 2015

We, local communities, peasants movements, Indigenous Peoples and civil society organizations from Africa and all over the world, call upon the United Nations, the World Forestry Congress, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Bank and states to reject top-down forms of development, including false solutions to climate change and forest and biodiversity conservation that only serve the dominant market economy.

We are united to oppose and reject the commodification, privatization and plunder of Nature, which include REDD+[1] and other market-based mechanisms including biodiversity and conservation offsets that put profit above the well being of humanity and the planet.

These mechanisms include the “financialization of nature,” which commodifies, separates and quantifies the Earth’s cycles and functions of carbon, water, forest, fauna and biodiversity – turning them into “units” to be sold in financial and speculative markets. However, Mother Earth is the source of Life, which needs to be protected, not a resource to be exploited and commodified as a ‘natural capital.’

REDD+ is also the pillar of the Green Economy. REDD+ is being misleadingly billed as saving the world’s forests and climate and is the anticipated main outcome of the UN’s Paris Accord on climate change in December 2015. In addition, REDD+ is a false solution to climate change that is already including forests, plantations and agriculture in the carbon market.

Reports show that deforestation and the related emissions continue, and that REDD+, instead of reducing them, is harming and vilifying forest-dependent communities and those who produce the majority of the world’s food – small scale farmers. Furthermore,

  • REDD+ promotes monoculture tree plantations and genetically modified trees
  • REDD+ increases land grabs and human rights violations
  • REDD+ restricts access to forests, threatening livelihoods and cultural practices
  • REDD+ causes violence against peasants, Indigenous Peoples, women and forest-dwelling communities
  • REDD+ is combined with other offsets including payment for environmental services (PES)
  • REDD+ imposes market driven neo-liberalism on forests, which undermines and monetizes community conservation and social/cultural processes and creates inequalities
  • REDD+ projects tend to force subsistence communities into the cash economy and exploitative wage-labor
  • REDD+ hinders and prevents much needed policies that support endogenous, bio-cultural approaches to biodiversity conservation and

Therefore, we join with the No REDD in Africa Network and the Global Alliance against REDD to demand that governments, the United Nations and financial institutions stop the disastrous REDD+ experiment and finally start addressing the underlying causes of forest loss and climate change!

Put forward by the No REDD in Africa Network (NRAN) and the Global Alliance Against REDD, with endorsement and support by the following. To be presented to the World Forest Congress 2015, the UNFCCC COP21 and beyond:



  1. No REDD in Africa Network
  2. Global Alliance Against REDD
  3. Indigenous Environmental Network
  4. JA!/Justica Ambiental – Friends of the Earth Mozambique
  5. All India Forum of Forest Movements/India
  6. Carbon Trade Watch
  7. CENSAT Agua Viva – Friends of the Earth Colombia
  8. Womin (Womens in Mining)
  9. Foundation Help/Tanzania
  10. Centre for Civil Society/University of KwaZulu-Natal,Durban
  11. Democratic Left Front
  12. Health of Mother Earth Foundation- Nigeria
  13. Fundaexpresion – Colombia
  14. Vasundhara- India
  15. SRDS Subdarban -India
  16. Envirocare-Tanzania
  17. COECOCEIBA – FoE Costa Rica
  18. The Development Institute – Ghana
  19. GFC – Global Forest Coalition
  20. Afrikagrupperna , Sweeden
  21. Grassroots Global Justice Alliance (US)
  22. Just Transition Alliance,  United States
  23. Border Agricultural Workers Project Border, El Paso, Texas
  24. The Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy
  25. CLEAN (Coastal Livelihood and Environmental Action Network)
  26. Khulna, Bangladesh
  27. ETC group (international)
  28. Oakland Institute, USA
  29. Community Alliance for Global Justice, Seattle WA
  30. Family Farm Defenders
  31. Indian Social Action Forum – INSAF
  32. All India Union of Forest Working People AIUFWP
  33. WILPF US Section, Boston MA
  34. Geasphere
  35. Leave it in the Ground Initiative (LINGO)
  36. Indigenous Perspectives-India
  37. Global Justice Ecology Project
  38. Khulna, Bangladesh
  39. Biowatch South
  40. Timberwatch
  41. All India Union of Forest Working People AIUFWP
  42. Focus on the Global South
  43. The Corner House (UK)
  44. Friends of the Earth International
  45. PLANT (Partners for the Land & Agricultural Needs of Traditional Peoples)
  46. Environmental Rights Action/Friends of the Earth Nigeria
  47. Attac France
  48. FoE France
  49. Friends of the Siberian Forests,Russia.
  50. Indigenous Perspectives-India
  51. EcoNexus UK
  52. Biofuelwatch US and UK
  53. Maendeleo Endelevu Action Program (MEAP)
  54. Fundación Solon
  55. WRM (World Rainforest Movement)
  56. Groundwork
  57. FOEAfrica
  58. TCOE ( Trust for Community Outreach and Education) South
  59. Rural Women’s Assembly (Southern Africa)
  60. People’s’s DialogueInternational
  61. Development Exchange (IDEX)
  62. Marea Creciente Mexico – Rising Tide Mexico
  63. Marea Creciente Ecuador – Rising Tide Ecuador
  64. Caravana Climatica por America Latina
  65. Center for Earth Jurisprudence
  66. Other Worlds (USA)
  67. Finnish Asiatic Society
  68. Accion Ecologica
  69. Soil Generation,of Philadelphia, Pa
  70. Ammesty International, Durban
  71. We Love This Coast – Vancouver, BC,
  72. CanadaAlliance for Democracy (U.S.)
  73. Ecohermanas
  74. NAPE/FoE Uganda
  75. Afrika Kontakt.
  76. Kilusan para sa Pambansang Demokrasya ( KILUSAN) – Philippines
  77. Centar za životnu sredinu/FoE Bosnia and Herzegovina
  78. NOAH/FOEDenmark


  1. Peter Newell, Professor of International Relations, University of Sussex UK
  2. Pascoe Sabido,Researcher and Campaigner
  3. Michael K Dorsey
  4. Ruben Solis, University Sin fronteras, San Antonio Tx and Atlanta Georgia-USA
  5. Reynaldo padilla (Puerto Rico-San Juan)Caribbean Institue of Social Movements
  6. Michelle Pressend, South
  7. Brian Tokar, Institute for Social Ecology (Vermont USA)
  8. Elizabeth Henderson, organic farmer – Peacework Organic CSA, New York USA
  9. Leon Spencer, former Executive Director, Washington Office on Africa.
  10. Joshua Dimon, researcher
  11. Peter Steudtner, Germany,
  12. Lucia Jofrice, Moçambique
  13. Kirtrina USA
  14. Jim Kirkwood, Africafiles
  15. Cristian Guerrero- Quito, Ecuador
  16. Ruth Nyambura, Kenya
  17. Boaventura Monjane, Moçambique
  18. Hasan Mehedi
  19. Mareen Getse
  20. Christine Karstens
  21. Jeanetta Lattering
  22. Sarah Paff
  23. Charmaine Jacobs
  24. Dirk Boonzarier
  25. Theresa Falats
  26. Maggie Jacobs
  27. Mary Keyster
  28. Sharon Filander
  29. Andrew Kortze
  30. Ricardo Bhotsha
  31. Zelrene Luiters
  32. Linda Minnaar
  33. Elsie Muller
  34. Andrew Laletin
  35. Anatoly Lebedev
  36. Vanessa Meintjies
  37. Elizabeth Olivier
  38. Maria Palenova
  39. Karel Pietersen
  40. Henry De Villiers
  41. Fezeka Mndaweni
  42. Thabang Nkozela
  43. December Molhborn
  44. Mzame Dlamini
  45. Bongeka Nhota
  46. Karewn Read – Biowatch
  47. Sibuya BS
  48. Khumalo MH
  49. Mena Ayanda
  50. Mkhungo Nomusa
  51. Nobuhle Mbothwe
  52. Mariann Bassey Orovwuje


Signatures are open until November 30, 2015.

[1]                REDD ( Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation) is a global initiative to create a financial value for the carbon stored in forests and all other ecosystems to compensate governments and companies or owners of forests and agriculture in developing countries not to cut their forests or to reduce their rate of deforestation and forest degradation as a market mechanism to avoid GHG emissions. REDD+ expands REDD to develop methods for carbon sequestration through conservation of forest (and wetlands, agricultural systems) carbon stocks, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries.

7 Oct, 2015
Posted in Forests and Climate Change