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La lucha de las mujeres guaraníes por la justicia medioambiental y de género destacada en Ms. Magazine

Indigenous Guarani women in Bolivia holding a banner

Publicado en Ms. Magazine el 1/11/2023 por Juana Vera Delgado

Este es un extracto. Haga clic aquí para leer el artículo completo.


El emblemático Acuerdo Mundial sobre Biodiversidad consagra los derechos de los pueblos indígenas y brinda esperanza a los pueblos guaraníes de Bolivia

Después de más de cuatro años de negociaciones, el 19 de diciembre de 2022, casi 200 países adoptaron el Marco Global de Biodiversidad de Kunming-Montreal, un acuerdo vinculante para proteger al menos el 30 % de la biodiversidad mundial en 2030. El acuerdo representa un importante paso hacia adelante en favor de la conservación de la biodiversidad basada en los derechos, justa en cuanto al género, y socialmente equitativa.

El texto acordado no solo reconoce los territorios indígenas como una importante contribución autónoma a la conservación basada en áreas, sino que también incluye otros objetivos, como pedir a los gobiernos que reconozcan los derechos de los pueblos indígenas, las comunidades locales y las mujeres en la conservación de la biodiversidad.

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The framework admittedly isn’t perfect. It does not wholly incorporate Indigenous peoples’ demand for their lands and territories to be fully recognized as a category of conserved area. But it’s still decisive for the recognition and respect of collective, environmental, cultural and gender rights of Indigenous peoples—women, in particular.

Every day and for hundreds of years, Indigenous men and women, environmental and human rights defenders are confronted with threats—from intimidation, physical attacks, rapes and murders, to prohibitions on free expression and association and forced displacement from their territories.

Yet, there is hope that the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework will help to reign in these violations and return stolen lands to communities and ensure the rights of Indigenous peoples across the world.

One such community that continues to struggle against generations of injustice is the Guaraní of Laguna Chica, Bolivia, located in the Yaku Agüa territory by Bolivia’s southern border with Argentina. There, recent legal victories have given the Guaraní people hope that more than 500 years of colonization, enslavement and environmental destruction of their lands can be overturned, as recounted in their recently published book: Laguna Chica: The First Ancestral Territory Longed and Consolidated by the Organized Force of the Guaraní Women of Yaku Igüa-Tarija, written by one of their women leaders.

“Now we live freely, without bosses,” said Mrubicha Modesta Medina, a Guaraní traditional leader.

In July 2019, after years of struggle, Guaraní women of regained access to areas of their ancestral land robbed from them and converted into industrial farmlands and cattle ranches.

Medina’s words weigh heavy with meaning in light of her community’s historical struggle against colonization and patriarchy, which has kept the Guaraní Indigenous People enslaved and dispossessed of their lands since the Spanish invasion in the late 16th century. Women’s gender and cultural and environmental justice movements have been at the forefront of the community’s struggle, epitomizing the collective capacity of Indigenous Peoples in their unwavering fight for redistributive justice. Their story, as told in the book, teaches us that it is possible not only to dream but also to bring about real, transformative change.


… keep reading at Ms. Magazine

17 ene, 2023
Posted in [:en]1Campaigns[:], Justicia de género y bosques, GFC in the news