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Civil society concern over the Hague conference on agriculture and climate change

Civil Society Statement of Concern on the Hague Conference on Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change (October 31 – November 5):
To: Mr. Maxime Verhagen, Minister of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation, The Netherlands
Mr. Ato Teferra Derebew, Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ethiopia
Mr. Enrique Dominguez Lucero, Minister of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and FoodMr. David Carter, Minister of Agriculture and Forestry, New Zealand
Mr. Lars Peder Brekk, Minister of Agriculture and Food, Norway
Ms. Thi Xuan Thu Nguyen, Vice Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Vietnam
Mr. Robert Zoellick, President, World Bank
Mr. Jacques Diouf, Director-General, Food & Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
 
We, the undersigned civil society organizations from around the world, look with concern to the upcoming Hague Conference.  Hosted by the Netherlands Government in cooperation with the Governments of Ethiopia, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, Vietnam, the World Bank and the FAO, the conference aims to produce a roadmap of “concrete actions linking agriculture-related investments, policies and measures, to the transition to lower carbon-emitting climate resilient growth.” 
 
Climate change threatens the livelihoods and food security of billions of the planet’s poor and vulnerable, and it is urgent to get both the analysis and solutions right.  Getting it right also means following a correct process, including by involving those whose livelihoods are most at risk.  Top down solutions are not legitimate solutions.
 
Participation and transparency
 
We are concerned about a lack of transparency, participation and consultation with governments, farmers and others in civil society in preparing for the conference and its “roadmap”.  The process addresses agriculture and climate linkages, yet it is not evident that those representing developing countries at UN climate change negotiations where these linkages are being actively negotiated were also included. A regional pre-conference was organized in Africa but not in other regions, raising further concerns about uneven participation.
 
Ecological versus industrial agriculture
 
The industrial model of agricultural production threatens the viability of ecosystems and contributes massively to climate change.  Nothing less than a system change is needed in the face of the climate change threat.  The ecological model of agricultural production, based on principles that create healthy soils and cultivate biological diversity, and which prioritise farmers and traditional knowledge, is climate-resilient. This is “climate-smart” agriculture. 
 
There is also a critical need to reverse the economic concentration of global markets – particularly for grains, livestock and food processing – that has led to unsustainable forms of industrial agriculture worldwide and the bulk of the emissions from the agriculture sector.  Unfortunately, the program agenda does not appear to address these necessary system changes in any significant way. 
 
Avoid questionable technological fixes
 
The conference should avoid discussing costly and unproven technological fixes such as genetically modified organisms and other patented technologies and practices.  These technologies are not only prohibitively costly for developing countries, but also create new forms of corporate control over agricultural plant and animal genetic resources.[1]  Their safety is in doubt, and environmental, social and economic harm has already occurred from their use. They threaten to hinder rather than enhance agricultural adaptation to climate change.
 
A focus on adaptation
 
Adaptation to climate change in the agriculture sector should be the main priority of this conference. It must emphasize identified adaptation priorities of developing countries and the provision of steady and reliable public finance to developing countries that will have to cope with the worst consequences of climate change.  In addition, adaptation financing should be in the form of grants, not loans. Developed country mitigation and “offsetting” priorities should not and cannot drive the design of climate adaptation strategies.
 
Public finance not carbon markets
 
While much is being made of its market possibilities, we must emphatically state that linking soil carbon and carbon markets is not the solution for mitigation or adaptation in the agricultural sector. Money from a speculative market is neither steady nor reliable, and could mean disaster for food security and livelihoods in developing countries.  Moreover, “innovative” market-based approaches distract attention from the responsibility of developed countries for their historic emissions, and their obligations to finance adaptation and mitigation in developing countries. Carbon market mechanisms actually finance the mitigation commitments of developed countries through “offsetting” projects in developing countries, thereby allowing them to continue rather than change their unsustainable production and consumption patterns, while shifting the burden of mitigation and increasing the burden of adaptation to developing countries.
 
Implement rather than ignore IAASTD findings
 
The critical issues of agriculture, food security and climate change have in fact been addressed at length in the International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD).  Initiated by the World Bank and FAO, sponsored by additional UN agencies and approved by 58 governments, the IAASTD is considered as the “Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) of agriculture,” having drawn on the work of over 400 experts over a six year process.
 
As a result, the IAASTD contains some of the most complete and authoritative sets of policy and investment options to strengthen the productivity and resilience of the world’s food and agricultural systems, while prioritizing social equity and sustainability. The consultative, multi-stakeholder process that created the assessment imbues its findings and policy options with legitimacy; and its findings were welcomed by many of the developing countries that suffer the effects of hunger and food insecurity most severely. 
 
The Conference ignores at its peril the IAASTD. The World Bank and the FAO should be championing the IAASTD, rather than attempting to ignore or subvert it.  Given the World Bank’s highly criticized track record on agriculture, its spearheading of the Hague process warrants close scrutiny.
 
Conclusion
 
We demand that the Hague Conference support fair and effective solutions to the agriculture and climate crises. We call on it to champion a global transition to ecological agriculture, avoid questionable technological fixes, focus on enabling farmers to adapt to climate change, and ensure adequate public financing for agriculture. Many of these recommendations are embodied in the IAASTD, reflecting broad public consultation, and should be endorsed by this process, and implemented by governments and international organizations, including the World Bank and FAO.
 
We believe that the international food and agriculture community, in particular, small scale farmers, laborers, indigenous peoples, women and civil society organizations engaged on issues of food security, food sovereignty, the right to food, and the preservation and use of traditional knowledge are essential to this debate and are providing practical, just and affordable solutions to the problems of food security and climate change.  They need to be heard. The international roadmap of “concrete actions” will first and foremost impact smallholder farmers worldwide, and any process that ignores their voices will be questioned for lack of legitimacy.
 
31 October, 2010

Signatories (92):
 
ActionAid International
African Centre for Biosafety, South Africa
Agrecol (Association for AgriCulture & Ecology), Germany
Argentine Movement of Organic Production (MAPO), Argentina
ASEED Europe
Asociación Nacional de Empresas Comercializadores de Productores del Campo (ANEC), MexicoBharat Jan Vigyan Jatha (BJVJ), India
Biofuel Watch, UK/US
Biowatch South Africa
Both Ends, Netherlands
Campagna per la Riforma della Banca Mondiale (CRBM), ItalyCEEweb for Biodiversity, Hungary
CENESTA, the Centre for Sustainable Development, Iran
Center for Development Programs in the Cordillera (CDPC), Philippines
Center for Food Safety, USA
Centro Para La Autonomía Y Desarrollo De Pueblos Indígenas (CADPI), Nicaragua
COECOCEIBA-Amigos de la Tierra Costa Rica
Consumers Association of Penang, Malaysia
Corporate Europe Observatory
DoctorsEnviroVoice, New Zealand
Earthlife Africa eThekwini Branch, South Africa
Ecological Society of the Philippines
Ecologistas en Accion, Spain
Econexus, UK
Edmonds Institute, USA
ETC Group
Fair, Italy
Focus on the Global South
Food and Water Europe
FLO Centroamérica, Central America
Friends of the Earth International
Friends of the Earth, Malaysia
Fundación Ambiente Y Sociedad, Ecuador
Gaia Foundation
Global Exchange, USA
Global South Initiative, Nepal
Grassroots International
Green Foundation, India
Health and Environment Action Team, Tanzania
Hivos, Netherlands
Indonesia Organic Alliance (IOA)
Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, USA
Institute for cultural research and action (ICRA) India
Institute for Nonviolent Economics, USA
Institute for Responsible Technology, USA
Institute for Sustainable Development, Ethiopia
International Center for Technology Assessment, USA
International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM)
Jeunes Volontaires pour l’Environnement-International, TogoJINUKUN – Coalition pour la Protection du Patrimoine Génétique Africain  (COPAGEN), Benin
Joint Effort to Save the Environment (JESE) and smallholder farmers of Rwenzori district, Uganda
Kaana Foundation for Outreach Programs, Uganda
Kalanjium Women farmers Association, India
Knoll Farms, USA
League for Pastoral Peoples and Endogenous Livestock Development, Germany
Milieudefensie / Friends of the Earth Netherlands
Millennium Institute, USA (President as co-chair of IAASTD)
Movement for the Advancement of Sustainable Agriculture Philippines (MASA), Philippines
Network for a GE free Latin America
NOAH – Friends of the Earth Denmark
Oakland Institute, USA
Organic Agriculture Program-Office of the Provincial Agriculturist, Negros Occidental, Philippines
Organic Consumers Association, USA
Organizacion Internacional Agripecuaria, Argentina
Partners for the Land & Agricultural Needs of Traditional Peoples (PLANT), USA
Pesticide Action Network Aotearoa New Zealand
Pesticide Action Network Asia and the Pacific 
Pesticide Action Network North America
Pesticide Action Network, Germany
Pesticide Eco-Alternatives Center (PEAC), China
Platform Aarde Boer Consument, Netherlands
Practical Action, UK
Red de Acción en Plaguicidas y sus Alternativas de América latina (RAPAL PAN latinoamérica), Latin America and the Caribbean
Rural Advancement Foundation International, USA
Servicio de información mesoamericano sobre la agricultura sostenible, Central AmericaSoCCSKSarGENDS – Alliance for Genuine Development, (AGENDA) Inc., PhilippinesSouth Asian Dialogues on Ecological Democracy (SADED), India
Soy Alliance, UK
Sustainable Community Development Services (SCODE), Kenya
Sustainable Development Policy Institute, Pakistan
Tamilnadu Resource Team, India
Tanzania Organic Agriculture Movement
Third World Network
Uganda Environmental Education Foundation (UEEF), UgandaUnidad de la fuerza indigena y campesina (UFIC), Mexico
Unnayan Onneshan, Bangladesh
Washington Biotechnology Action Council, USA
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Network (WaSH-Net), Sierra Leone
Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom’ (WILPF)
Women’s Collective , India
Xarxa de Consum Solidari, Spain
Xmin Y Solidarity Fund, Netherlands

9 nov., 2010
Posted in Forêts et Changement Climatique