The Bottom Line: The centrality of Aichi Target 3 and community conservation to resource mobilization and the future of the CBD
Community conservation is at the heart of the Convention on Biodiversity (CBD). Through many COP decisions, Parties to the CBD have frequently acknowledged that the conservation initiatives by Indigenous Peoples, local communities and women on the ground are forms of collective action that contribute to resource mobilization and implementation of the CBD and should be recognized, and effectively supported. However, the Community Conservation Resilience Initiative, which has gathered the results of the participatory assessments of 68 communities in 22 different countries of the resilience of their own conservation initiatives, has revealed that these initiatives are under severe threat from subsidized industries and other incentive schemes that promote or otherwise enable the destruction of biodiversity, and rarely benefit from appropriate positive incentives for their local initiatives to conserve and restore biodiversity. This underscores the fact that the effective implementation of Aichi Target 3 on the redirection and elimination of perverse incentives and support for positive incentives is at the heart of the success of the CBD’s Strategic Plan. Yet, as we heard during SBI-2, only 3% of National Reports contain information suggesting that Target 3 is on track to be met in those countries. In fact, an overall analysis of NBSAPs underscores how much more work still remains to achieve this Target and the agreed milestones to achieve the elimination, phasing out or reform of incentives that are harmful to biodiversity by 2020.
Therefore, in line with decision CBD/SBI/XIII/20 (para. 23) on reporting progress in achieving the milestones for the full implementation of AT3, the Global Forest Coalition and partners will present specific cases of incentives that have proven to be harmful for biodiversity and community conservation initiatives, and that should be phased out, eliminated or redirected. At the same time, we present the results of the Community Conservation Resilience Initiative (CCRI), which will show how Indigenous Peoples’ and Local Communities’ conservation initiatives, including protected and conserved territories and areas, can be boosted with appropriate positive incentive measures and other forms of support. Non-monetary incentives such as legal recognition and protection of their territories and areas and other community conservation initiatives are useful tools that could help bring opportunities for accelerating and scaling up the implementation of the Strategic Plan and Aichi Targets.
As long as scarce public funds are spent on incentives that are harmful for biodiversity, we will continue to lose biodiversity and the effects of any positive incentives will likely be significantly undermined or even negated. Conversely, redirecting public funds from harmful incentives toward positive incentives would contribute hugely to much-needed resource mobilisation (Aichi Target 20) and also avoid the negative impacts caused by such harmful incentives. All forms of incentives should be co-developed with the Indigenous peoples and communities concerned and subject to their free, prior and informed consent.