Community Conservation Resilience Initiative (CCRI) Global Report and Case Studies
The aim of the Community Conservation Resilience Initiative (CCRI) is to contribute to the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity’s 2011-2020 Strategic Plan and Aichi Targets, by providing policy advice on effective and appropriate forms of support for community conservation.
The project is documenting and reviewing the findings of bottom up, participatory assessments of more than 60 communities in at least 20 different countries, assessing the resilience of community conservation initiatives and the support that should be provided to strengthen these initiatives. A number of CCRI projects are already under way, including with communities in Chile, Colombia, Ethiopia, Iran, Malaysia, Panama, Paraguay, Russia, Samoa, Solomon Islands, South Africa and Uganda. This report outlines the observations and recommendations from communities in ten of these countries.
The CCRI’s initial findings indicate that protecting biodiversity and ecosystems could be significantly enhanced by bolstering the traditional knowledge and practices of the people that rely on those places and resources the most: indigenous peoples and local communities. This will also involve a concerted effort to mitigate the threats and challenges currently undermining communities’ resilience.
All the case studies show that local communities and indigenous peoples are highly motivated to both protect and restore biodiversity and habitats. For example, Udege communities in Russia are traditionally dependent on wildlife, fish, wood and nontimber forest products, and are highly skilled in hunting and fishing. In Samoa, people are dependent upon coastal mangrove forests and the rich inshore fisheries associated with them for their livelihoods.
The communities involved are:
· The Ustupu, Carti Tupile, and Barriada de Dagargunyala communities in Guna Yala, and the community of IpetiEmbera in Panama;
· The Kebeles of Dinsho02, Mio and Abakera communities in Dinsho
District, in the Bale Mountains area of Ethiopia;
· The Santa BárbaraQuilacoAlto BioBío, TralcaoMapu and
Chanlelfu communities, in southern Chile;
· The Iman, Bikin and Samarga Udege communities in the SikhoteAlin mountain range in the Russian Far East;
· The Toamua, Saina and Vaiusu communities, in Samoa;
· Pedi people, specifically the Mapulane tribe in the Mariepskop area and community members in the Houtbosloop Valley in Mpumalanga province, South Africa;
· The San Miguel community in Minga Porâ, and the Maracaná
community, both in the East of Paraguay; and La Esperanza, an
Enhlet indigenous community in the lower Chaco region;
· Bukaleba, Kalangala and Butimba communities in eastern, central and southwestern Uganda respectively;
· Sulufou and Fera Subua communities in northeast Malaita, and the
Hageulu community in Isabel Province, in the Solomon Islands;
· The Abolhassani Indigenous Nomadic Tribal Confederacy, the Taklé Tribe of the Shahsevan Indigenous Nomadic Tribal Confederacy, and the Farrokhvand Tribe of Bakhtiari Indigenous Tribal Confederacy, in Iran.